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Citation: APA 7 Updates

APA 7 Updates

What changes have been made in the updated APA 7?


  • Title in bold
  • No running head nor title in header for student papers
  • Due date included on title page
  • Can use more fonts: Calibri 11, Arial 11, Lucida Sans Unicode 10, Times New Roman 12, and Georgia 11
  • Only one space after periods
  • Level 1 headings are bold and centered, level 2 headings are bold and aligned left, level 3 headings are bold, italicized, aligned left, and on their own line


  • Write concisely and clearly, using professional language; however, favor active over passive voice, and use “I” and “you” to this end
  • When describing individuals, use terms they would use to describe themselves, avoid labeling (ex. people living in poverty rather than the poor), and be precise with age ranges (ex. 65-75)
  • Use “they” to refer to a person whose gender is unknown or irrelevant (ex. When a student approaches the desk, they can see…)
  • Use double quotation marks to give linguistic examples (ex. Use “they” instead of “she or he.”)

In-Text Citations

  • If a source has more than two authors, cite the first author’s last name followed by “et al,” including the first citation unless it creates ambiguity


  • Omit publisher location
  • Include last names and initials for up to 20 authors
  • Omit “Retrieved from” unless including a retrieval date for items that are likely to change (particularly Web pages)
  • For ebooks, omit format, platform, or device (ex. Kindle)
  • Cite contributing authors (ex. For a TV episode, cite the director and writer)
  • Use the DOI hyperlink or permalink whenever possible
  • For a long URL, can use a link shortener
  • For music, omit how you listened to an album unless only that version has tracks that you reference
  • For music, include a URL if that is the only way to access that music