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MLA & APA Citation: Play


Key Elements

  1. Playwright
  2. Play Title (italicized)
  3. Book Title (italicized)
  4. Editor
  5. City of Publication
  6. Publisher
  7. Publication Year
  8. Page Number(s)
  9. Format

Play in a Collection or Anthology (5.5.6)

Cite the playwright first, not the editor of the anthology. If you cite more than one play from the same collection, create a citation for each play.

No Editor

Use the anthology format, but omit the editor.

Play in a Book (5.5.2)

Some long plays are published as a single book. Cite these like a regular book. 

Ex. Stoppard, Tom. The Real Thing. Boston: Faber, 1984. Print.

eBook (5.6.2c)

Ex. Shepard, Sam. Buried Child: A Play. Rev. ed. New York: Vintage, 2006. Ebrary. Web. 16 Apr. 2013.

Live Performance (5.7.4)

Play on DVD (5.7.3)

Begin with the film's title unless you cite the contribution of a particular individual. If so, start with the individual's name.

Ex. Death of a Salesman. Dir. Volker Schlondorff. Perf. Dustin Hoffman, Kate, Reid, John Malkovich. Roxbury Productions, Punch Productions, 1985. Film.

Ex. Mifune, Toshiro, perf. Rashomon. Dir. Akira Kurosawa. Daiei, 1950. Film.

Streaming Play

Ex. Death of a Salesman. Dir. Alex Segal. Broadway Theatre Archive, 1966. Theatre in Video. Web. 24 May 2011.

Shakespearean Play In-Text Citations (7.7.2)

Abbreviate the title of a work if you cite it frequently in your paper. Use the full title when first mentioned in your text with the abbreviation in parentheses, then use the abbreviation in later references to the title.

ex. "In All's Well That Ends Well (AWW), Shakespeare..."

See the document below for commonly-used Shakespearean play abbreviations.