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Public Speaking - COMM 2045: Primary Sources

Understanding Primary & Secondary Sources

For some research topics, you may want to cite original documents, interviews, artwork, artifacts, novels, poetry, or music. These are primary sources, which were either created at the time of an event or created by a person who experienced an event. They offer a unique insight into a particular time or topic.

Examples of primary sources:

Letter

Email

Diary

Photo

Play

Pottery

Novel

Poetry

Autobiography

Financial record

Meeting minutes

Historical Account

Official records
(ex. Birth certificate)

Government documents

News recording

Newsletter

Speech

Newspaper

Magazine

Census data

Obituary

Interview

TV show

Advertisement

Music

Book

Political ads

Cars

Architecture

Film

Artwork

Furniture

Coins

Map

Clothing

Memoir

Find Primary Sources